Linking Formal & Informal Justice for Conflict Resolution

Donor: Saferworld and Oxfam Novib

Oxfam Novib (ON) and Saferworld (SW) have been working in partnership, currently focusing on a specific project being implemented in Somalia, but aim to broaden this initial experience to other contexts. In addition to the existing partnership between ON and SW in Somalia; there has been an understanding that Oxfam Novib and Saferworld should develop more concrete and effective global partnership particularly in the areas but not limited to exchange on mapping and research, using research as tool to impact advocacy for Behavior Change, capacity building, and joint institutional fundraising.

Keeping that in view ON and SW have been actively working on conflict transformation in Pakistan; both Oxfam and Saferworld have established that Pakistan provides a relevant possibility for potential partnerships on peace building through conflict resolution in Pakistan.

Oxfam Novib and SaferWorld engaged Calyx Foundation for developing a comprehensive long-term strategy on Conflict resolution by linking formal and informal justice in Pakistan. This included research into the roles and responsibilities of formal and informal justice systems: understanding how Jirgas, panchayats and Marakaetc informal structures are established and how do they provide justice/ decisions to issues. It will also help in understanding the power dynamics around the informal justice system, gaps in the formal justice system and the way forward based on lessons from the past.

The other part of the intervention related to advocacy for behavior change around various actors of formal and informal justice describing their roles and responsibilities based on the evidence and recommendations of the research component. Through this process, opportunities to strengthen collaboration and build linkages were also identified. This included dialogues on roles and responsibilities and the production of a ‘common principles’ document. Potentially, this included advocacy work to influence policy and legislation dealing with the functioning of informal justice providers and their links to the formal system, including processes for appeal and record keeping.